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NEPAL: Deuba’s Visit and there after Update 55.

Note No. 240                                                                   28. 08. 2004

by Dr. S. Chandrasekharan

Since the last update, there have been three major developments. First was the successful visit of Prime Minister Deuba to India where he got full assurance of support. Second was the increasing isolation of Nepali Congress leader, Girija Prasad Koirala whose party along with three others had renewed protests against the "October 4 regression." Third was the Plenum convened by the Maoists in the last week of August wherein India had come in for severe attack. The next question would be whether the Maoists would be after Indian assets or Indian nationals?

Deuba’s Visit:

Prime Minister Sher Deuba paid an official visit from September 8-12 with a huge delegation numbering more than 70 with five ministers in tow along with media persons and a business delegation.

Deuba is said to have had wide-ranging discussions with the Prime minister of India "in an atmosphere of warmth, friendship, openness, and mutual confidence characteristic of the relationship between the two countries."

A joint Press statement revealed the position of the two countries in the field of Economic Cooperation, Water resources, Trade and Investment, Culture and Sports, Science and Technology and finally on the review of the 1950 Treaty of Peace & Friendship. ( See appendix for the full statement)

It was thought that Deuba’s visit was mainly to consolidate his own position, to appraise Indian authorities on the ongoing Maoists insurgency which by all accounts is reaching a critical stage and the need for India to extend all help in terms of equipment and training, vigilance at the border and generally to be briefed on the Indian concerns regarding political stability and the need to have an "inclusive approach" in dealing with the Maoists.

Instead, the joint press statement deals with routine matters for which no visit was necessary. Mention of cooperation in water resources as well as review of 1950 Treaty of Peace and Friendship occur during every visit of the prime Minister of Nepal only to be ignored once the visit is over. It is our view that Nepal is yet to get out of the mind set that it does not have a level playing field in dealing with its water resources and that no overt cooperation with India is possible. Similarly in the matter of 1950 Treaty it is time that India asks Nepal as to what kind of relationship they need and go by it. But this can be done only when there is a stable government and not under the life support system of Article 127 of the Constitution as it is now.

From Nepal’s point of view, the biggest achievement of the visit as mentioned by their Minister of Information was that their Prime minister has been able to appraise the Indian leadership of the Maoist problem. Nepalese authorities were also appreciative of the fact that India now considers that the Maoist’s problem posed a security threat not only to Nepal but to the region as whole.

Some analysts in Nepal read too much into India’s assurances to Deuba. It has been mistakenly taken as "outright support to the King," "a message in loud and clear terms to G.P.Koirala and the Maoists" and "the sudden change of India of having gone in favour of the monarchy and by the same token brought the US and India closer at least on how to deal with the Maoists" etc.

What is forgotten is that India declared the Maoist Party as a terrorist outfit much before the Nepalese establishment did and the Indian Ambassador in Kathmandu had repeatedly stressed that it was a common threat. Two top Politburo members are in custody in India, one more informally handed over and a large number of central committee members are also in Indian custody.

Also forgotten is that Nepalese establishment did not take the Maoists insurgency seriously until the Dunai incident ( 25 September, 2000) and the Army was roped in not because of a conscious decision of the Nepalese authorities, but forced by the Maoists themselves who simultaneously raided the army posts at Dang and Solakhumbu (end November 2001)

There have been mischievous comments that Indian concessions have come at a ‘price’ and perhaps a secret understanding has been reached on Article 126 of the Constitution! These comments, to say the least, were unfortunate.

G.P.Koirala takes on the Supreme Court:

It looks that something has gone wrong with G.P.Koirala. It is not clear whether it is anger or frustration, but he certainly owes an explanation to his admirers and followers who have faithfully stuck onto him in spite of his waywardness.

First he took on the then Prime minister from his own party, Deuba and expelled him. Later he had taken on the King and started the movement against regression. He fell out with Madhav Nepal the leader of UML, the second largest party in the Parliament before the split and a leading contender for Prime ministership, if the house had not been dissolved. And finally to cap it all he has taken on the Supreme Court! Surely it looks that Girija Koirala is heading towards the end of his ‘self destructive’ path.

It all started with the CIAA calling Koirala to appear before them for investigation of certain allegations against him. On his appeal to the Supreme Court, the latter’s ruling went against him. Reacting angrily to the ruling, Koirala said that

" The Supreme Court has also come under the influence of the King and the decision made by the apex court was done at the behest of the monarch."

"I wish to suggest to the Supreme Court that the entire institution should be shifted to the Royal Palace henceforth."

"I will not obey the rulings of the court- rather prefer to go to the prison straight."

These statements are coming from a person who has fought for democracy and had undergone immense privations in bringing democracy to Nepal. He had opposed the arbitrary moves of the King under Article 127 of the Constitution and had inspired the movement against the "October 4 regression" and now claims that his objective is to bring the Constitution back on track! Yet his response to the Supreme Court Ruling was undemocratic!

The Supreme Court is not going to ignore such statements and there could be a case for contempt of court besides other cases against G.P.Koirala.

Girija Koirala stands tall among the present crop of political leaders. He and perhaps to a lesser extent Madhav Nepal are the only two leaders who are strong, decisive and have considerable following. G.P. should therefore realise that his anger against the King which is perhaps justified should not lead to destruction of monarchy and in the bargain destroy democracy too.

The Plenum of the Maoists:

The Maoists have continued with their depredations. Whole scale abduction for indoctrination purposes of students and teachers continues. The latest was the abduction and release of students and teachers from the Syangja district headquarters. Militia training on a big scale is being given to people in the central region which is considered to be the strong hold of the Maoists. A list of incidents from the last update is given as an appendix.

There have been reports that the Maoists have softened their stand and are now ready for a dialogue. But authoritative pronouncements from the Maoist leaders give a different picture. The two pre conditions now being put forward are elections to a constituent assembly for re drafting a people’s constitution and the involvement of United Nations.

The most important development has been the holding of a Plenum in the last week of August by the Maoists and a Press release in the name of the Chairman Prachanda has been issued on 31 August, 2004. A copy of the Press release is also given in this update as an appendix. The points made in the statement briefly were

* Indian expansionism after having backed by US imperialism is coming on to direct intervention against the People’s war.

* The Indian monopoly capitalist rulers who have always backed destabilization and anarchy in Nepal have now been openly threatening Nepal with their ill intention of bringing Nepal under their control through military intervention.

* The independence of Nepal and Nepalese people can be preserved by turning the whole country to a war front, by militarizing all people and by raising war strategy to a new height against military interventions of any imperialism and expansionism.

* Negotiations could be held not with the flunkeys of the old state but with the master itself along with reliable international mediation. ( This is a new turn to the negotiation posture as the Maoists want to directly negotiate with the King now!)

* The Peoples’ army has been developed into three divisions with the formation of a central division in addition to western and eastern divisions. A people’s militia numbering 100,000 is also being organised.

* A broad proposal for rectification is being envisaged where the problem of study and practice of the dialectical materialism about the correct Marxist-Leninist-Maoist conception on preservation, practice and development of Prachanda Path will be taken into account. ( This means that Prachanda’s path of simultaneous uprising in urban centres besides encircling the cities/towns from surrounding villages would be developed further. The ring round operations that the Maoists tried in Kathmandu Valley would continue with added vigour).

It looks that the Maoists have been gripped with panic over a possible military intervention of India on the deteriorating situation in Nepal.

The BBC Nepali Service news broadcast mentioned about the written pamphlets pasted on the walls in Jhulaghat of Pithoragarh district in India that Maoists would use ‘suicide bombers’ to attack Indian leaders if India went ahead with its plan to provide military assistance to Nepal.

Prachanda in his interview in the party’s online had said that India would avoid direct intervention in Nepal for the reason that China neither would support the India intervention nor tolerate any such military intervention in Nepal According to him China would retaliate with full force in case India intervened into Nepali affairs directly. For the first time we see the Maoists looking up for support from China in their depredations in Nepal! .

It has been now reported that one of the two Nepalis who have been awarded death sentences by the Chinese for smuggling weapons, is a district level leader of the Maoists in Sindupalchowk. Thought it has nothing to do with Prachanda’s statement, for the first time it is now openly revealed that weapons do come from across Tibet also..

Appendix I. List of incidents.

Appendix II. Joint Press statement on the visit of Prime Minister of Nepal to India.

Appendix III. Press Statement of the CPN (Marxist) Central Committee Plenum. .

Appendix I

Incidents 

September 2004 

9.            Maoist militants abducted 18 students from Bagbhairav Higher Secondary School in Sindhupalchwok district.  

10.          Maoists shot and killed a police sub-inspector at Lumbini Adarsha VDC in Kapilvastu district.           

                Maoists carried out a minor explosion at the American Center at Gyaneshwore in Kathmandu.           

               Maoists abducted over 1,300 students from different schools of southern Doti and Kailai in west Nepal.

11.          The Maoists carried out a powerful blast at Kanchanpur jail in Mahendranagar, the district headquarters of Kanchanpur.

12.          The Maoist militants abducted over 2000 people from different parts of Dadeldhura and neighbouring districts to give them Maoist militia training.

Suspected Maoists detonated a ‘cylinder bomb’ at Shantignagar, Kathmandu.

A group of Maoist militants attacked and destroyed the St. Joseph School in Prithvi Municipality of Gorkha district.

               The Maoists abducted 191 teachers and students from Sanwa Secondary school in Taplejung to give them Maoist militia training.

13.          The Maoists abducted 1000 people, including teachers, students, civilians and civil servants from different parts of Syangja and Taplejung districts.

                Security forces gunned down 3 Maoists, in Dailekh and Dhankuta districts.

14.          The security forces gunned down at least five Maoist militants in encounter at Nicha VDC of Solukhumbu district.

Two Maoists were killed during security operation in Khutikhola area in Siraha district.

15.          Maoists shot dead an official, Assistant Sub-Inspector (ASI), Srimani Oli, working at National Investigation Department in Jhapa district.

The Maoists detonated a powerful bomb in the office of Kalaiya Municipality in Bara district.

16.         The Maoist militants abducted over 50 students and 2 civilians from the remote areas of Bhojpur district.

17.          A policeman on duty was injured when two armed militants fired indiscriminately within the premises of Pashupati temple at Manikapur VDC in Banke.

Maoist militants shot dead a policeman in mid-western district of Dailekh. Two young women, who were returning to their homes after attending Teej festival, were also injured in the attacks.

The Maoists killed a district leader of Nepali Congress in Bajhang.

The Maoists abducted forty students and six teachers from Kantheswar High School of Tokharpur VDC in Ramechhap district.

18.          Maoist militants set three vehicles on fire in central southern district of Chitwan to enforce their call for day-long 'bandh' (shutdown strike).

Maoist militants abducted nearly one dozen senior political activists of opposition Nepali Congress and Nepali Congress (Democratic) from the eastern district of Jhapa.

One Maoist was killed in a shootout with security personnel at Thali area of Dasi VDC, Kathmandu.

19.          The Maoist militants abducted over 50 students and 2 civilians from the remote areas of Bhojpur.

                Maoist militants shot dead one civilian each in Rupandehi and Siraha district.

20.          At least seven Maoist militants including a “Section in-charge” were killed in security action in Siraha.            

21.          At least 13 Maoist militants were killed in a clash with the security forces in various parts of the country.

22.          Maoist militants detonated powerful bombs and destroyed three buildings of the District Health Post in Udaypur.

23.          Armed Maoist militants abducted 90 teachers from two VDCs of southern part of Dhading district.

24.          Maoist militants shot dead vice president of Jhapa district unit of Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP), Keshab Kandangwa, after abducting him from his residence at Jalthal VDC-6.

The Maoists abducted over 50 cadres of People’s Front Nepal (PFN), including a central committee member Keshab Baral, from Sarandana of Paanchthar district.

26.          Maoists set a passenger bus on fire in the central southern district of Sarlahi.

27.           At least three Maoist militants were killed in security action in Panchthar district.

 

Appendix II

VISIT OF PRIME MINISTER OF NEPAL, 
MR. SHER BAHADUR DEUBA TO INDIA – JOINT PRESS STATEMENT

The Rt. Hon. Mr. Sher Bahadur Deuba, Prime Minister of Nepal, paid an official working visit to India from September 8-12, 2004, at the invitation of His Excellency Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India. The visiting delegation included Hon. Dr. Mohammad Mohsin, Minister for Information and Communication, Hon. Mr. Badri Prasad Mandal, Minister for Forest and Soil Conservation, Hon. Mr. Ishwar Pokhrel, Minister for Industry, Commerce and Supplies, Hon. Mr. Thakur Prasad Sharma, Minister of State for Water Resources and Hon. Dr. Prakash Sharan Mahat, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs. The delegation also included officials of His Majesty’s Government of Nepal, a business delegation and a delegation of media representatives. Prime Minister Deuba was also accompanied by his wife, Dr. Arzu Deuba.

2. The Prime Minister of Nepal called on His Excellency the President of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. He had a meeting with the Prime Minister of India, which was followed by talks and luncheon hosted by the Prime Minister of India. Minister of External Affairs Shri K. Natwar Singh, Minister of Defence Shri Pranab Mukherjee, Minister of Home Affairs Shri Shivraj Patil, Minister of Railways Shri Lalu Prasad Yadav, Minister of Water Resources Shri Priyaranjan Dasmunsi, and the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha Shri L. K. Advani called on the Prime Minister of Nepal. The Prime Minister of Nepal met the Chairperson of UPA and President of Indian National Congress, Smt. Sonia Gandhi as well as former Prime Ministers Shri Chandra Shekhar, Shri H.D. Deve Gowda and Shri A. B. Vajpayee. He also addressed a business meeting organized jointly by the Confederation of Indian Industry and Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industries.

3. The two Prime Ministers held wide-ranging discussions in an atmosphere of warmth, friendship, openness and mutual confidence, characteristic of the relationship between the two countries. They expressed satisfaction at the progress made in various areas of cooperation between India and Nepal and reiterated the commitment to further develop bilateral relations in the spirit of equality and mutual respect. 

Combating Terrorism/Security Cooperation

4. The Prime Ministers reiterated the determination of the two countries in combating the scourge of terrorism. They agreed to further intensify cooperation in curbing the activities of the extremists and terrorists. In this context, they expressed satisfaction at the ongoing cooperation under the existing mechanism in the areas of supply of equipment, training and exchange of information. Prime Minister Deuba thanked the Government of India for the timely and substantive support provided by India in Nepal’s efforts to deal with the Maoist insurgency. Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh reassured the support of the Government of India for further strengthening of Nepal’s security forces including the Nepal Police.

5. The Prime Ministers stressed the need for an early conclusion of the Extradition Treaty and Agreement on Mutual Legal Assistance on Criminal Matters and directed the Home Secretaries to take up the matter in their next meeting with a view to finalizing the documents. It was noted that the next meeting would take place in October 2004 in New Delhi.

Boundary Demarcation

6. The Prime Ministers expressed satisfaction at the progress made by the Joint Technical Level Boundary Committee and directed the Committee to complete the remaining mandated tasks by June 2005.

Economic Cooperation

7. The Prime Ministers expressed satisfaction at the progress on the implementation of various Nepal-India economic and development cooperation projects. They reiterated their desire to further deepen and diversify such cooperation.

8. The Prime Ministers welcomed the proposal regarding cooperation for development of road network in the Terai, including the development of identified stretches of Hulaki Rajmarg. 

9. The Prime Ministers welcomed the idea of cooperation for conservation and development of Churia range in Nepal. A concept paper would be forwarded by the Nepalese side.

10. The Prime Ministers decided that the proposed Institute of Technology in the Far-Western Region of Nepal would be set up in two phases. A team from India will visit Nepal soon for discussions with His Majesty’s Government of Nepal to select a suitable site for the project. 

Water Resources

11. Emphasizing the importance of cooperation in the water resources sector, the two Prime Ministers stressed the need for expeditious progress on projects currently under active consideration including Pancheshwar and Upper Karnali. They also directed that work on the preparation of the DPR of Budhi Gandaki project be commenced expeditiously. The two Prime Ministers noted that the next series of meetings of bilateral institutional mechanisms including the meetings of the Joint Committee on Water Resources (JCWR) and the Joint Group of Experts on Pancheshwar would be held by October 2004. They welcomed the establishment of the Joint Project Office for Sapta Koshi Multipurpose Project and Sun Koshi Storage cum Diversion Scheme.

12. The Prime Ministers mandated the Joint Committee on Water Resources to prepare a comprehensive strategy for flood management and control, including measures that can be implemented in the short to medium term. The Prime Ministers directed the Standing Committee on Inundation Problems and the High Level Technical Committee to resolve all inundation and embankment related issues soon. 

Trade, Transit and Investment

13. The Prime Ministers welcomed the operationalization of the Inland Container Depot and the opening of the Consulate General of India in Birgunj. 

14. The Prime Ministers directed the concerned officials to discuss the matter related to use of the ICD for carrying of cargo for bilateral trade.

15. They stressed the need for an early formalization and implementation of the Motor Vehicles Agreement. 

16. The Prime Ministers directed the two sides to expeditiously resolve outstanding trade issues, including in removing some practical problems in the implementation of the Treaty of Trade and to implement agreed trade facilitation measures speedily. They decided to accord priority, in particular, to addressing issues relating to quarantine and testing procedure for Nepal’s export of agricultural and food products, including Vanaspati Ghee. 

17. The Government of India agreed to consider the utilization of Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Mumbai for Nepal’s use of its transit cargo.

18. The Prime Ministers agreed to direct the concerned officials to finalize arrangements for improving border infrastructure at four major customs points, and for development and upgradation of rail and road networks on both sides. 

19. The Prime Ministers welcomed the agreement between Bureau of Indian Standards and Nepal Bureau of Standards and Metrology as first step towards mutual recognition of certification systems.

20. The Prime Ministers welcomed the agreement between Indian Oil Corporation and Nepal Oil Corporation for a joint venture regarding construction of an oil pipeline between Raxaul (India) and Amlekhgunj (Nepal).

21. The Prime Ministers agreed to further strengthen the policy framework for bilateral investments, inter alia, through speedy conclusion of a Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement.

Culture and Sports

22. The Prime Ministers welcomed the conclusion of the Agreement on Cooperation in the fields of Culture and Sports, which would provide the necessary framework for institutionalized cooperation in these areas.

Science and Technology

23. The Prime Ministers welcomed the conclusion of Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in the field of Weather Forecasting, which envisages the setting up of an INSAT Ground Receiving Station in Nepal.

1950 Treaty of Peace and Friendship

24. The Prime Ministers directed the Foreign Secretaries to continue discussion on the review of the 1950 Treaty of Peace and Friendship with a view to further strengthening the bilateral relations.

Invitation

25. Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh accepted the invitation extended by Prime Minister Deuba for an official visit to Nepal at a convenient date.

Source: The Embassy of India, Kathmandu, Nepal

Appendix III

Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)

Central Committee 

Press Statement

A Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), a great and glorious vanguard of the Nepalese proletariat, has been accomplished within a base area in countryside of the country, in a convention hall, specially decorated with various banners and canopies. This press statement has been issued in order to make the decisions public of that historic meeting which was held for ten days on the chairmanship of Chairman Prachanda within the circumstance of special security cordon of the People’s Liberation Army and direct assistance of the broad masses of people, and with the full participation of all the comrades who have been fighting in all fronts and responsibilities except absence of those who have been under enemy arrest. 

1.      At the beginning of the meeting, which commenced with a brief inauguration speech by Chairman Prachanda, a tribute of honour was offered to innumerable immortal martyrs of great People’s War including Central Committee member comrade Paribartan as well as innumerable known and unknown martyrs within the country and abroad by observing a minute silence.

2.       In the Plenum of the Central Committee, the newly appointed Central Committee members have taken a grave and emotional oath towards their post and responsibility.

3.      The central in-charges of different regional bureaus, military bureaus and the members of the Standing Committee have presented reports of their commands, bureaus as well as of their departments. At the end of the reporting, synthesising the report Chairman Prachanda, by accentuating that the reporting system need to be made more scientific in the future, concluded that with revolutionary transformation of this overall report, the ideological, political, organizational and military foundation has been built up in order to enter into strategic offensive from strategic equilibrium.

4.      As a main agenda of the meeting Comrade Prachanda had presented a political and organizational document titled “Advance on the stage of strategic offensive raising the process of revolutionary transformation to a new height”. The essence of that document which was adopted unanimously with miner edition after an intense and enthusiastic debate for six days reads below—

A.      Having done a consigned and inspiring analysis of the present situation and having done an acute examination of the economic, political and strategic characteristics of the world imperialism, the document has drawn an objective synthesis that there is an inevitably irresolvable crisis before the imperialism and the development of raising wave of world revolution. 

 The document has accepted the challenges to develop on all the component parts of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, the Marxist Philosophy, the Political economy and the Scientific Socialism by applying dialectical materialism for the success of revolution as well as in the service of the world proletarian revolution and in resistance against imperialist erected ideological and cultural confusions including so called postmodernism in the 21st century, the economic colonialism and process of looting in the name of so called globalisation and privatisation, and against the modern military fascism waged in the name of war against terrorism. In this reference, welcoming the ideological debate led by the International Communist Movement, mainly by the Committee of the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement RIM, (on which our glorious party also constitutes a membership), the document has accentuated on the unified initiative of the whole Party for a developed and new ideological synthesis of Prachanda Path in Nepal.  

B.      The document has made a lengthy historical explanation over the process of expansionist intervention of the reactionary Indian ruling class over Nepalese nationality, geological integrity, economic self-dependency as well as over political and cultural freedom; over the national capitulationist character of the old feudal state, and the struggle of the Nepalese people against the expansionist intervention and national capitulationism. Along with the analysis, the document has clarified the fact that having backed by the US imperialism, the Indian expansionism is coming on the direct intervention against the great People’s War. This has been further justified by the intervention and arrest of several responsible comrades including comrade Kiran, the veteran member of the standing Committee of our Party, in different cities of India recently targeting our Party Headquarter. Having following the expansionist doctrine of Neharu, that regards the Himalayan ranges as its boarder, the Indian ruling class is advancing with vicious intrigue and conspiracy with the strategy of either Bhutanise (Treating with Bhutan- Tr.) or Sickimmise (Treat as to Sikkim- Tr.) Nepal . The Indian monopoly capitalist rulers, who have always backed destabilisation and anarchy in Nepal , have now been openly threatening Nepal with their ill intention bringing Nepal under their control through military intervention and conduct massacre against the patriotic and self-respected Nepalese people in the name of so-called supporting to the war against terrorism. Indian expansionism has now stood as externally a main barricade for the creation of credible environment to find a forward-going political solution through peaceful negotiation. The chieftains of the old state of Nepal , in a daydream of lengthening the period of reactionary state, have been committing a heinous crime of mocking over the independent existence and self-respect of the Nepalese people by kneeling down in front of the Indian expansionism. Having made an afore said analysis, the document has called for all the self-respected and patriotic Nepalese people stand unified against the national capitulationism of the old state, Indian expansionist interventions and the danger of nearing military attacks. The document, in the new planning of the party, has emphasised to concentrate against the national capitulation and Indian interventions in all out ideological, political and military fields. The document has also emphasised that the independence of Nepal and Nepalese people can be preserved by turning the whole country to a war front, by militarising all people, and by raising the war strategy to a new height against military interventions of any imperialism and expansionism. Similarly, in the document it is believed that in the war against national capitulation and expansionist interventions, there will be support and sympathy not only of the broad patriotic Nepalese people (which also includes the patriotic personals within the so-called Royal Army of the old state) but also there will be a support and sympathy of just loving Indian masses as well as the masses of the world over.

C.      By analysing the present situation, the document has clarified the facts that the old state that is centred in the district headquarters and capital, has, instead of seeking for a historically inevitable reconstruction of the state power and qualitative political outlet, been adhering in one-point agenda of looting the national assets of the country and people on the back of imperialism and expansionism to the end hour of its existence. Submitting total reign of Nepalese economy to foreign comprador capitalists, the daily task of the old state has been to push and spread the unemployed Nepalese people through out the world in pitiful conditions, under the grand design of their imperialist masters. Having deeply concerned to this situation and expressed ferocity, the document has abrogated the meaningless and purposeless hullabaloo of negotiation rose by the flunkeys (so called government) of the feudal palace. Certainly, the document has not abrogated the question of negotiation with the old state. But the document has clarified that such negotiation could be held not with the flunkeys of the old state but with the master itself, along with the reliable international mediation, centring on the issues of making the Nepalese people fully sovereign power. Similarly, the document has also clarified that the negotiation and interactions will be held among the parliamentary political parties and the representatives of the civil societies.

D.      In another very important section, the document has discussed achievements and weakness of the Party work in the past one year, and has drawn conclusion that the foundation in order to advance in the strategic offensives against the enemy has been built up. On the basis of the specific context of Nepal and in the present international situation, the document has presented an explanation of the strategic offensive and with a certain political and military target, it has also lay out a first plan of strategic offensive. In order to achieve a targeted aims, the document has stressed on developing resistance on the leadership of the Unified and Centralised Leadership to the level of Party, People’s Liberation Army, United People’s Revolutionary Council, various National and Regional Autonomous Governments, different fronts, departments, and broad masses of people. Similarly, in the new plan, keeping attention on the skill of the People’s Liberation Army, the state of means, resources and qualitative growth on number and the necessity of strategic offensives, the formation of the PLA has been developed three Divisions with the formation of Central Division in addition to Eastern and Western Divisions. Hence, the regular force of the PLA has been organised on three Divisions, 9 Brigades and 29 Battalions. Similarly, it is also decided that altogether one hundred thousand (100,000) people’s militias will also be organised under the formation of Company under the Districts and Regional Headquarters. Finally, the new plan has also clarified an aim to provide a military training on defensive and offensives to the broad masses of the people to fight a Tunnel War against foreign interventions.

E.       In another important section of the document, a broad proposal on the organisational rectification is presented. Divided to two sections including ideological rectification and organisational and working style rectification, a concrete plan and programme has also been pointed out in the document. According to that, on ideological rectification, a concrete orientation has been laid out in the document on the problem of study and practice of the dialectical materialism about the correct Marxist-Leninist-Maoist conception on preservation, practice and development of Prachanda Path, importance of ideological struggle against individualist anarchism and the bureaucratic working style. About organisational and working style rectification, having learned from the past weaknesses, certain methodology has been pointed out mainly to make the relation with the friendly forces a respectful, lively and intense. The essence of the document is to aim to take the responsibility of the whole country. A certain methodology has also been laid out to initiate the rectification as a campaign from the centre to the bottom.  

1. After the adoption of the political and organisational Document by the Central Committee, several important decisions on necessary organisational and military distributions have been made according to the new plan of strategic offensive.

2.  At the final stage of the meeting, a conclusive session was organised on which various comrades have presented their feelings. While keeping their views, all of the comrades have said that this Central Committee Meeting remained important of far-reaching implication from the ideological, political, organisational and methodological standpoint. 

At the end of the conclusion session, Chairman Comrade Prachanda defined the meeting as victory and unity in multiple important sections and concluded the meeting with his important speech. Immediately after the announcement of the conclusion of the meeting by Chairman Prachanda, all the comrades had loudly chorused the following thundering slogans standing on their seat and raising their fists.  

-         Strategic offensive – lets success 2

-         Down with Imperialism and Indian expansionism—down with 2

-          Long live Proletarian Internationalism – Long live 2

-         Long live Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and Prachanda Path – Long live

-         Long live Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) – Long live 2

-        Long live great People’s War – Long live 2

-         Red Salute to brave martyrs – Red Salute 2

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